Did you know .....
Canadian Invention: 5-pin bowling
It was devised around 1909 by Thomas (Tommy) F. Ryan in Toronto, Ontario, at his Toronto Bowling Club, in response to customers who complained that the ten-pin game was too strenuous. He cut five tenpins down to about 75% of their size, and used hand-sized hard rubber balls. Original Pin values were established as “4-2-1-3-5” (from left to right), it was then revised in 1952 to "2-3-5-3-2" - the same values we use today.
In 1921 the first perfect “450” game bowled by Bill Bromfield in Toronto. The same year the first women's league was started in Toronto.
In 2008 Heritage Canada recognizes 5-Pin Bowling as a Canadian “Heritage Sport" - Five-pin bowling is truly a Canadian sport!!
Canada’s top 15 inventions and where they ended up.
1. Insulin, Treatment for Diabetes [1921, Frederick Banting, Charles Best] Marketed by Eli Lilly, US based pharmaceutical giant who made it big specifically as a result of insulin.
2. Telephone [1876, Alexander Graham Bell] Conceived in Canada. Patented and Marketed in the US by National Bell Telephone Company.
3. Light Bulb [1874, Henry Woodward, Mathew Evans] Unsuccessful at commercializing it. Sold their invention to Thomas Edison in 1879
4. Five Pin Bowling [1908, Thomas F. Ryan] Not a commercializable product
5. Wonderbra [1964, Louise Poirier] First successfully commercialized in Canada by Canadian Lady – Canadelle but by 1968 the company had been sold to Sara Lee out of the US.
6. Pacemaker [1950, John Hopps, Wilfred Bigelow, John Callaghan] Among many contributors to development – successfully commercialized by Cardiac Pacemakers Inc of the US in 1972.
7. Robertson Screw, 1908 [Peter Robertson] Sold almost entirely in Canada as the inventor refused to license the screws to anyone (including Ford) due to problems with the first licensee in the UK.
8. Zipper [1913, Gideon Sundback] Not really invented in Canada. Sundback was a Swedish born engineer working in the US at the Hookless Fastener Company
9. Electric Wheelchair [1952, George Klein] No Canadian manufacturer stepped up to the plate to build them so the designs were sent to the US.
10. Poutine [1957, Fernand Lachance] Not a commercializable product – actually not even a tasty one.
11. Cobalt-60 “Bomb” Cancer Treatment [1951, Harold Johns] Commercialized still by AECL.
12. Java Programming Language [1994, James Arthur Gosling] Done in the US by a Canadian for Sun Microsystems
13. Bloody Caesar [1969, Walter Chell] Not a commercializable product – but this one is tasty. Who wouldn’t want to own this patent.
14. Canadarm [1975, Spar Aerospace/NRC] Actually remained Canadian but may not remain so as MacDonald Detwiller tried to sell itself to a US company this year
15. Standard time [1878, Sir Sandford Fleming] Not a commercializable product